The Philosophy Department offers a wide variety of undergraduate courses. See the Schedule of Classes for which courses are currently offered.
Undergraduate Philosophy Courses
PHIL 100 - Special Topics in Philosophy
- The topic and content of Phil 100 varies with offering but in every case shall present a topic within philosophy not represented at the 100 level within the curriculum. The course is designed for students whose prior studies prepare them to study philosophy at the lower division level of the curriculum.
PHIL 110 - Logic and Critical Thinking
Students will develop rational thinking skills through a combination of theory and practice. They will discuss good and bad thinking habits, learning to apply the former and to avoid the latter. This class includes an introduction to truth-tables and rules of inference in symbolic logic. The aim is to improve students' capacity for rational reasoning, question widely held beliefs, resist empty rhetoric and propaganda, distinguish relevant from irrelevant considerations, and construct sound arguments. PHIL 110 satisfies the math requirement for some majors.
PHIL 111 - Introduction to Philosophy
Students will explore the most fascinating questions in major areas of philosophy: What is a person? Will I survive the death of my body? How can I know that any of my beliefs are true? Does God exist? Why is there so much evil in the world? What is morality and how can I decide what's right to do? Students will develop the intellectual tools to study these topics in greater depth and to think critically about issues that impact their everyday life.
PHIL 112 - Introduction to Philosophy Through Film
- Introduces students to philosophy through the representation in film of some of the questions central to a philosophically informed conception of the universe and one's place in the world so conceived. Students view and consider selected films through the lens opened by relevant philosophical readings.
PHIL 113 - Introduction to Moral and Social Philosophy
Introduction to moral and political theory, and problems of practical ethics. Readings from representative moral and social philosophers.
PHIL 150A1 - Philosophical Perspectives on the Individual
This course addresses questions about human persons and their relationship to the universe at large. What can we know? Indeed, can we know anything at all? What is the relationship between the mental aspects of our lives and our physical, bodily aspect? Could I still be me if I lost all my memories and all my character traits? What is free will? Does anyone ever have free will? This class will not teach you the "right" answers to these questions. But it will teach you the different answers that can be given, and how best to go about arguing for them.
PHIL 150B1 - Personal Morality
- Students will explore the nature of morality in general and examine opposing sides of particular moral debates. Topics may include: abortion, animal rights, the ethics of immigration, genetic enhancement, and euthanasia. This course aims to help students become more reflective and open-minded about morality, while also providing them with the skills to successfully defend their own moral beliefs.
PHIL 150C1 - Philosophical Perspectives on Society
- This course examines fundamental questions about the ethical organization of society and social life. These questions include: What is the basis of the state? What is the nature of social justice? What are our obligations to others around the world? We will aim to develop clear thinking about issues that are of great importance to the contemporary world and that each of us will face as a citizen of a modern democratic state.
PHIL 160D1 - Justice and Virtue
This course introduces students to central questions of moral philosophy through the works of Plato, Hobbes, Kant, and some of the other most important thinkers in the Western tradition. These questions include: What is the basis of our moral judgments and attitudes? What makes right actions right and wrong actions wrong? What sort of person is it best to be? What is valuable in life? What reason, if any, do we have to do the right thing? Attention will be given to clarification of conceptions, rigorous argument, and the evaluation of reasons - all with the aim of helping student think philosophically about difficult moral questions.
PHIL 160D2 - Mind, Matter and God
This course introduces students to the philosophical conceptions of mind, matter, and God that have shaped the Western intellectual tradition. Starting with the ancient Greek philosophers and concluding with philosophers from the 17th century, students will explore perennial issues such as: the existence of God, the nature of reality, the problem of evil, and the basis of knowledge. Readings are culled from the history of philosophy, but lectures and discussions will be informed by contemporary considerations.
PHIL 160D2 - Science and Inquiry
- The development of modern scientific methods has had a profound effect on Western civilization. Someone with twenty-first century knowledge has a vastly different view of the world, and of science's ability to reveal that world, than Aristotle, Dante, or even Newton. In this course we will examine the features of modern science that have led to this transformation, with the aim of understanding both the power and the limits of scientific inquiry.
PHIL 200 - Special Topics
The topic and content of Phil 200 varies with offering but in every case shall present a topic within philosophy not represented at the 200 level within the curriculum. The course is designed for students whose prior studies prepare them to study philosophy at the lower division level of the curriculum.
PHIL 202 - Introduction to Symbolic Logic
- Truth-functional logic and quantification theory; deductive techniques and translation into symbolic notation.
PHIL 203 - Logic in Law
In this course we will focus on the critical thinking, analytical reasoning and logical skills that are crucial for success in the legal world. What is the import of some new piece of DNA evidence? How might various kinds of reasoning errors and biases influence a judge or jury's understanding of your case? What sort of argumentative skills must you master to succeed in law school? And what about those logic and critical thinking skills that you must master just to get into law school? This course will touch on all these issues and will provide you will the skills you need to think critically not only about the law, but about any subject matter.
PHIL 205 - The Ethics and Economics of Wealth Creation
- We will study the ethics and the economics of such phenomena as market competition, institutions of private and public property, trade restrictions, globalization, and corporate welfare. How do people create wealth? How do societies enable people to create wealth? Are some ways more ethical than others? Why do some societies grow rich while neighboring societies remain poor? People have various ways of creating wealth. Which are ethical and which are not? Why? (PHIL 205 is not an introduction to the principles of Economics and is not a substitute for ECON 200, ECON 201A or ECON201B.)
PHIL 210 - Moral Thinking
- It is important "to do the right thing." But how can anyone tell what "the right thing" is? What makes some actions right and some wrong? This course is an overview of ethics, which is the field of philosophy that examines these questions. We examine three main ways of thinking about ethics: those that focus one the outcomes of actions, those that focus on the nature of the actions themselves, and those that focus on the character of the one who acts. Students will gain a foundational knowledge that will serve as a solid background for more advanced work in ethics, as a resource for thinking about moral issues, and as a piece of general education valuable for understanding practical aspects of human life.
PHIL 211 - Meaning in Language and Society
- Introduction to linguistic, psychological, philosophical and social aspects; meaning structures; meaning in the mind/brain; acquisition of word meaning; the differences between literal/figurative meaning; metaphors; meaning in social contexts, models of representation.
PHIL 213 - Contemporary Moral Problems
- Philosophical Issues and positions involved in contemporary moral and social problems. Topics covered will vary but may include, among others, abortion and infanticide, vegetarianism and animal rights, affirmative action and racial profiling, homosexuality and same sex marriage, and sexual harassment and gender equality.
PHIL 214 - Philosophy of Sport
This Tier II General Education course within the area of Individuals and Societies recognizes that sport, especially rule-governed sport, appears in and is perhaps characteristic of human society. Consideration of sport as such induces a host of intriguing and important philosophical questions and topics to which this course serves as an introduction. Sample questions to be explored include: What is competition? What makes for a good game? Is it ever permissible to cheat? Is it wrong to enjoy sports that harm animals? Should doping be banned? Is trash-talking unsportsmanlike? What makes for a good fan? And how should referees enforce rules? Course readings draw from classical philosophical texts, contemporary philosophical discussions of sport, as well as popular sports journalism. Course lectures are interactive, with an emphasis on multimedia presentations of course topics designed to elicit informed critical discussion
PHIL 220 - Philosophy of Happiness
- Happiness matters to us; and now it is in the news. There are large numbers of self-help books telling us how to be happy. Some nations are planning to measure the happiness of their citizens to find out how it can be increased. There is a huge new field of `happiness studies', and new focus on happiness in positive psychology as well as fields like politics and law. Much of this material is confusing, since often it is not clear what the authors think that happiness is. Is it feeling good? Is it having a positive attitude to the way you are now? Is it having a positive attitude to your life as a whole? Is it having a happy life? Can some people advise others on how to be happy? Philosophers have been engaged with the search for happiness for two thousand years. They have asked what happiness is, and have explored different answers to the question, including some of the answers now being rediscovered in other fields. In this course we will ask what happiness is, and examine critically the major answers to this question. We'll look at the rich philosophical tradition of thinking about happiness, at contemporary answers, and also at some recent work in the social sciences. We'll examine the contributions being made to the ongoing search to find out what happiness is, and how we can live happy lives.
PHIL 222 - African American Studies: A History of Ideas
- This course is concerned with the history of oppression of African and other Indigenous peoples in the world and examines ideas by radical philosophers and scholars from the African Diaspora directed toward liberation from oppression.
PHIL 223 - African Philosophical Worlds
- Course acquaints students with the theoretical and philosophical ideas expressed by thinkers of the African world. Issues in epistemological relativism, ethics, political philosophy and the history of ideas is examined.
PHIL 233 - Philosophy of Religion
This course uses philosophical methods to study religion and religious beliefs in the western tradition. The course provides an introductory survey to questions that have been central to the western philosophical tradition: What is religion? Can reasoning or experience give good grounds for religious belief? Does faith require philosophically sound reasoning? Is it philosophically justified to believe in miracles? What tools does philosophy provide for examining the concept of "God"? How can a good God exist if there's so much suffering in the world? How should humans react to suffering? Is there a conflict between religion and science? How can the diversity of religions be explained? Is religion a good thing for humanity?
PHIL 238 - Philosophy in Literature
- Philosophical analysis of selected literary works.
PHIL 241 - Consciousness and Cognition
This course covers some of the central aspects of the philosophical foundations of cognitive science. After introducing the traditional philosophical problem of the relationship between the mind and the body, and examining the way different approaches to the problem have developed in tandem with different paradigms of scientific psychology, it focuses on three outstanding challenges for the conduct of a science of the mind: emotions, intentionality, and consciousness. With each of these topics, the handful of leading theories developed over the past generation or two of research will be surveyed.
PHIL 245 - Existential Problems
Exploration of central problems of the human condition, such as meaning of life; death; self-deception; authenticity, integrity and responsibility; guilt and shame; love and sexuality.
PHIL 246 - 20th Century Continental Philosophy: Phenomenology & Existentialism
This course has three central objectives. The first and foremost is to introduce students to the history, concepts, and issues that define the intertwined intellectual movements of phenomenology and existentialism. The second objective is to encourage students to think critically about the relevant issues from a contemporary perspective. Such a perspective will be sensitive not only to recent developments in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence but also to changing attitudes toward technology, the environment, politics, sexuality, feminism, etc.) Students will be asked to critique arguments offered on behalf of various positions, as well as to construct arguments for alternative positions. Importantly, such critiquing and constructing will be done from an appropriately informed perspective. Thus, before addressing specific issues in phenomenology and existentialism, students will be introduced to defining historical movements as well as key concepts (e.g., intentionality, consciousness, authenticity, freedom, absurdity). A third and final objective is to encourage students to articulate, in clear and concise prose, their considered views concerning various issues in phenomenology and existentialism.
PHIL 250 - The Social Contract
This course focuses on the idea of the social contract as it has evolved from the seventeenth century to contemporary philosophy. Can government be justified in terms of a pact that all rational individuals would accept in a 'state of nature' or an 'original position'? What would be the terms of the agreement? We will read selections from, among others, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, David Gauthier, Robert Nozick, and John Rawls.
PHIL 260 - Ancient Philosophy
Survey of Greek philosophy, from the pre-Socratic philosophers through Plato and Aristotle to post-Aristotelian philosophers.
PHIL 261 - Medieval Philosophy
The course focuses on three important thinkers in the Christian medieval tradition-Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas. Topics covered: knowledge and skepticism, free will and the problem of evil, the nature and existence of God, and problem of universals.
PHIL 262 - Early Modern Philosophy
- Survey of major 17th and 18th century British and European philosophers, chosen from Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant.
PHIL 263 - From Hegel to Nietzsche: 19th Century Philosophy
Survey of influential 19th century philosophers, including Hegel, Marx, J. S. Mill, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche. Their views on the individual and society, and human nature.
PHIL 264 - 20th Century Analytic Philosophy
Survey of major analytic introductory philosophers of the 20th century including Peirce, Dewey, James, Russell, Moore, Wittgenstein, Ayer, Carnap, Austin, and Quine.
PHIL 300 - Special Topics in Philosophy
- The topic and content of Phil 300 varies with offering but in every case shall present a topic within philosophy not represented at the 300 level within the curriculum. The course is designed for students whose prior studies prepare them to study philosophy at the upper division level of the curriculum.
PHIL 305 - Introduction to Philosophy of Science
This course is an introduction to philosophy of science. It examines fundamental philosophical concerns about the metaphysics and epistemology of scientific inquiry, and investigates questions such as: What is a species? Is physics reducible to chemistry? Must a scientific theory be testable?
PHIL 310 - Philosophical Paradoxes
In this class we will study a cluster of puzzles, paradoxes and intellectual wonders 'from Zeno's Paradox to the paradoxes of Set Theory' and discuss their philosophical implications. Each of the paradoxes to be covered is interesting in its own right, but they also present great opportunities for introducing students to some of the main philosophical topics (space and time, vagueness, decision theory, epistemology, set theory and theories of truth) alongside with some fruitful philosophical techniques.
PHIL 320A - Philosophy of Freedom
- To examine the philosophical foundations of market society's implicit commitment to individual liberty and individual responsibility
PHIL 320B - Philosophy of Freedom
This course examines psychological, political, moral, and economic aspects of the questions of how free we are, and how free we reasonably can aspire to be.
PHIL 320C - Free Will
- This course examines the philosophical problem of freedom of the will. Is it possible for free will to exist in a world in which everything is determined? If free will and determinism are incompatible, which one of them should we accept and which should we reject? Is free will necessary for moral responsibility? Some familiarity with formal logic is recommended, but not required. 2-3 prior Philosophy courses recommended.
PHIL 321 - Medical Ethics
- Ethical issues that arise in relation to medicine and health care: abortion, euthanasia, the allocation of scarce medical resources, socialized medicine, doctor-patient confidentiality, paternalism, etc.
PHIL 322 - Business Ethics
- This course is designed to teach students about normative ethics in the context of the workplace and the business world. We will discuss ethical questions concerning corporate responsibility, preferential hiring and affirmative action, advertising practices, corporate whistleblowing, and environmental responsibility.
PHIL 323 - Environmental Ethics
- Students in this course will investigate and seriously consider how and why we should live as morally responsible members of an ecological community. Students will explore philosophical responses to questions such as: What makes something natural? What value is there to non-human entities? What obligations do we have to each other regarding the environment? How should we respond to catastrophic environmental change?
PHIL 324 - Law and Morality
- Exploration of classic and contemporary philosophical issues about law and morality. Topics covered will vary but may include, among others, the limits of social interference with individual liberty, legal paternalism and physician-assisted suicide, legal moralism, freedom of speech and expression, legal punishment and capital punishment, and civil disobedience.
PHIL 325 - Jewish Philosophy
- In this course, we will develop an understanding of the variety and unity of Jewish Philosophy through the ages. The course will consist of four units. The first unit will be an examination of ancient texts, such as Ecclesiastes and Job. We will seek to elucidate the philosophy of life, morality, and religion that underlies these texts. The second unit will be an examination of medieval Jewish philosophy, with a special focus on Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed. The third unit will be an examination of early modern Jewish philosophy, with a special focus on Spinoza's Ethics. The fourth unit will be an examination of contemporary Jewish ethics, with a special focus on Jewish perspectives on current bioethical issues (such as physician-assisted suicide and organ donation).
PHIL 326 - God, Humanity & Science
- An examination of the role of religion and science in the construction of human worldviews and beliefs, in historical and contemporary contexts.
PHIL 330 - Feminist Philosophy
- This course explores the ways in which philosophers contributed to the development of feminism, and the ways in which feminist theory is expanding and challenging mainstream philosophy in turn.
PHIL 344 - Issues ad Methods in Analytic Philososphy
- Designed to improve ability to think analytically, with emphasis on analytic methodology. Selected readings on the nature of mental states, the analytic/synthetic distinction, personal identity, the concept of knowledge and justified belief, the theory of reference, and the distinction between science and pseudo-science.
PHIL 345 - Philosophy and Psychiatry
This course is an introduction to several core topics at the intersection of philosophy and psychiatry. The course falls naturally into three parts. The first part will begin with an overview of core concepts in the philosophy of mental health/illness, which will be followed by a brief history of philosophical approaches to psychopathology. The second part of the course will be concerned with philosophical issues associated with particular types of psychopathology, such as psychosis, depression, mania, personality disorders, and addiction. The third and final part of the course will cover specific issues at the intersection of psychopathology and particular areas of philosophy, such as ethics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of mind. These intersecting issues include (respectively): moral/criminal responsibility of the mentally ill, causes, laws and reasons in psychiatric etiology, and personal identity issues associated with mental illness.
PHIL 346 - Minds, Brians and Computers
An introduction to cognitive science; current issues relating to minds as computers, neuroscience, vision and language.
PHIL 347 - Neuroethics
- This course introduces students to the emerging field of "neuroethics," or the exploration of ethical issues that have arisen from rapid developments in neuroscience. Such issues include ethical issues surrounding pharmacological 'enhancement' of individuals; 'memory blunting' of those suffering post-traumatic stress disorder; 'brain reading' of persons suspected of deception; reduced criminal responsibility due to putative neurological 'dysfunction'; and the undermining of traditional views of personhood, personality, morality, and spirituality.
PHIL 348 - The Moral Mind
- This course is an introduction to the moral mind from the neuroscientific, philosophical and psychological perspective. Many traditional philosophical problems about morality are being illuminated by current work in psychology and neuroscience. In this course, we will look at several of these problems. In each case, we will begin with a presentation of the philosophical problems, and we will proceed to examine recent empirical work on the topic. A wide range of topics will be covered, including moral judgment, agency, the self, and punishment.
PHIL 364 - Introduction to Formal Semantics
This course provides an introduction to formal linguistic approaches to the study of meaning. Topics include quantifiers, scope, definite descriptions, anaphora, tense and aspect, knowledge of meaning, metalanguages and the syntax-semantics interface.
PHIL 376 - Introduction to the Philosophy of Language
A survey of basic issues in the philosophy of language.
PHIL 400 - Special Topics in Philosophy
Topic varies according to the research interests and specialization of the instructor.
PHIL 401A - Symbolic Logic
- Intermediate propositional logic and quantificational theory, natural deduction, axiom systems, elementary metatheorems, introduction to notions of modal logic, selected topics in philosophy of logic. Credit allowed for only one of these courses: PHIL 401A, PHIL 402.
PHIL 401B - Symbolic Logic
- Advanced propositional logic and quantification theory; metatheorems on consistency, independence, and completeness; set theory, number theory, and modal theory; recursive function theory and Goedel's incompleteness theorem.
PHIL 404 - The Ethical Marketplace
Students undertake an ethical and economic assessment of the institutions that make up a marketplace. Acquire powerful ideas for discussing the daily news with their students, and equipping them with analytical skills for addressing ethical issues in their daily lives and in their future roles as citizens. General use of statistics, and perhaps more importantly, misleading with statistics is a topic covered. Sample topics that may be addressed include: why some societies grow rich while others remain poor; why some institutions lead to corruption, waste and mutual destruction; why other institutions steer human ingenuity toward inventing ways of making fellow citizens (one's customer base) better off; the boundaries of individual ethics within the marketplace; what one must do to succeed in a market society; and what one must do to deserve to succeed.
PHIL 405 - The Philosophy of Lying and Truth-Telling
In order to get by in the world, we often have to rely on what other people tell us. Unfortunately, people do not always tell the truth. We are confronted with lies, spin, half-truths, and bullshit on a daily basis. What to do?
Lying and deception have been a part of human life from the very beginning. Scientific evidence suggests that the need to deceive is what made us human in the first place. The evolutionary advantage of being able to deceive other members of one's social group led to the remarkable increase in brain size and intelligence in Homo sapiens.
Since lying and deception play such a central role in human life, philosophers (including Plato, Augustine, and Kant) have studied the ontology, the ethics, the epistemology, the economics, and the logic of lying and deception. Following these philosophers, this course will address such questions as:
- What is lying?
- Do all lies aim to deceive?
- Why do people lie?
- Why do politicians in particular lie?
- Can we acquire knowledge from what other people say if they might be lying to us?
- Why is it wrong to lie?
- Is it worse to lie or to mislead people in some other way?
- What is bullshit and what is spin?
- Are honesty and candor always virtues?
We will look at how answers to these questions can help us understand the lying and deception that occurs in advertising, in politics, in the media, and on the internet.
PHIL 410A - History of Moral and Political Philosophy
- Reading and analysis of selected texts from the Greeks to the present. Course focuses on the history of moral philosophy.
PHIL 410B - History of Moral and Political Philosophy
Reading and analysis of selected texts from the Greeks to the present. Course focuses on the history of social and political philosophy.
PHIL 412 - Readings in Greek Philosophy
Extensive readings in Greek in one of the following areas of Greek philosophy: the pre-Socratics, Plato's ethic and epistemology, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.
PHIL 415 - God and the Problem of Evil
A critical study of philosophical and religious theories regarding the role of God in the existence of evil, the sources of these theories in sacred texts of monotheistic religions, and the relationship between religion and violence in contemporary global cultures.
PHIL 416 - Philosophy of Mathematics
Problems at the foundations of geometry and set theory. Logicism, formalism, and intuitionism. Nominalism vs. realism. Epistemology of mathematics.
PHIL 420 - Philosophy of Science
Problems arising from reflection on the sciences. Topics may include explanation, structure and evaluation of theories, experimental knowledge, scientific realism, the place of philosophy in science studies.
PHIL 421 - Philosophy of the Biological Sciences
Laws and models in biology, structure of evolutionary theory, teleological explanations, reductionism, sociobiology.
PHIL 427 - Philosophy of the Physical Sciences
Theories and models. Measurement, experimentation, testing hypothesis. Philosophical problems concerning explanation, causation, and law of nature. Philosophical problems raised by quantum mechanics and/or other physical theories.
PHIL 430A - Ethical Theory
Meta-ethics-meaning of moral terms, relativism, subjectivism, ethics and science, social contract theory.
PHIL 430B - Ethical Theory
Normative ethics-Utilitarianism, egoism, rights, natural law, justice, deontological duties, blameworthiness and excuses.
PHIL 432 - Psychology of Language
- Introduction to language processing. The psychological processes involved in the comprehension and production of sounds, words, and sentences. Other topics may include language breakdown and acquisition, brain and language, and bilingual processing.
PHIL 433 - Aesthetics
Classical and contemporary theories of art; the aesthetic experience, form and content, meaning, problems in interpretation and criticism of works of art.
PHIL 434 - Social and Political Philosophy
Fundamental concepts of politics; leading social and political theories, such as anarchism, social contract, Marxism.
PHIL 437 - Moral and Social Evolution
This course will examine the application of evolutionary thought to society, and especially to morality and political philosophy.
PHIL 438 - Philosophy of Law
Nature and validity of law; law and morality, judicial reasoning, law and liberty.
PHIL 439 - Decision Theory
We must often make decisions when the consequences of our actions are uncertain. It can even be argued that all of our everyday decisions are of this sort. Decision theory is concerned with how to make rational decisions in the face of such uncertainty.
PHIL 440 - Metaphysics
- Topics include free will and determinism; causation; personal identity; necessity and essence; truth, realism and ontology.
PHIL 441 - Theory of Knowledge
- Critical examination of some of the major problems concerning evidence, justification, knowledge, memory, perception and induction.
PHIL 442 - Knowledge and Cognition
- Issues in philosophy and psychology of knowledge, with emphasis on cognitive mechanisms. Perception, memory, concepts, mental representation, problem-solving, reasoning and rationality.
PHIL 449A - Biolinguistics
- Biolinguistics is the study of language from the perspectives of neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics and philosophy of mind and evolutionary theory. Topics include language pathology, language genetics, language evolution and language from the perspective of the laws of form.
PHIL 450 - Philosophy of Mind
- Topics include the nature of mental states; the relation between mind and brain; and analysis of perception, emotion, memory and action.
PHIL 451 - Philosophy and Psychology
- Investigation of philosophical issues arising from current work in psychology including perception, reasoning, memory, motivation and action.
PHIL 455 - Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence
- Interdisciplinary problems lying at the interface of philosophy and artificial intelligence.
PHIL 463 - Philosophy of Language
- Survey of basic issues in the philosophy of language such as: speech acts, reference, meaning, logical form.
PHIL 465 - Pragmatics
Study of language use, its relationship to language structure and context; topics such as speech acts, presupposition, implication, performatives, conversations.
PHIL 467 - Early Analytic Philosophy
- The 50 year rise of analytic philosophy from Frege through early Russell to Wittgenstein's Tractatus.
PHIL 470 - Greek Philosophy
- Topics in Greek philosophy. May be selected from the pre-Socratics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and post-Aristotelian philosophy.
PHIL 471A - Rationalism and Empiricism
- Rationalists of the 17th and 18th centuries: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, and Kant.
PHIL 471B - Rationalism and Empiricism
- Empiricists of the 17th and 18th centuries: Locke, Berkeley, Hume.
PHIL 472A - Ancient Philosophy
- A philosophical introduction to the major works of Plato.
PHIL 472B - Ancient Philosophy
- A philosophical introduction to the major works of Aristotle.
PHIL 491/491H - Preceptorship/Honors Preceptorship
- Specialized work on an individual basis, consisting of instruction and practice in actual service in a department, program, or discipline associated with philosophy.
PHIL 493L - Legislative Internship
- Working experience at the Arizona State Legislature; responsibilities draw upon student's area of major expertise and include preparing written and oral reports, summarizing legislative proposals, and providing information to legislators and legislative committees.
PHIL 498 - Senior Capstone
- A culminating experience for majors involving a substantive project that demonstrates a synthesis of learning accumulated in the major, including broadly comprehensive knowledge of the discipline and its methodologies.
PHIL 498H - Honors Thesis
- An honors thesis is required of all the students graduating with honors. Students ordinarily sign up for this course as a two-semester sequence. The first semester the student performs research under the supervision of a faculty member; the second semester the student writes an honors thesis.